The alignment of talent management processes is defined as horizontal integration. On the other hand, development of organizations and employees are the focus of vertical integration. Below is an overview of the Talent Management processes, following every step of the employee lifecycle. In addition, you’ll find some examples for developing and executing the Talent Management processes.
To determine the need for internal or external vacancies, first you must consider the following questions:
Based on this information, an organization can search for the right talent. For example, suppose you need to stimulate growth next year. To reach the goals, your organization needs to invest in the right talented sales employees.
To follow best practices, managers evaluate employees during the performance cycle. A “Talent review” pinpoints the performers and underperformers within a department. It is then easy to determine how the team is performing and whether there are gaps. Also as a result, managers see where to focus on and what actions to take.
Typically, talented people have potential to grow, both horizontally and vertically. Their career development needs to be aligned with the organization and the employee. For example, if an employee has the ambition to be a distribution manager, but the organization would like to outsource that specific department within a few years, expectations need to be managed.
To ensure continuity of your business it is important to have successors available for key positions in the organization both in the short term as well as the long term. Using a fit-gap analysis there is a clear view on the risks and which action should be taken by the organization. For example, from the strategic workforce planning you know that the organization needs at least 10 senior managers within three years and from the “Talent Review” you know that there are only five who will reach this level by that time, you know you need to recruit managers ASAP.
As a result of the talent management strategy the organization decides in which talents they would like to invest. Will it be all employees or only two talents on every department and are these specific employees or specific roles. Suppose that an organization would like to improve the quality. However, the employees are not sufficiently conscious of quality. In this case, you choose between investing in quality through training current employees or recruiting external candidates.
In a best case scenario, the compensation policy aligns to the talent management strategy and the other HR processes. A compensation policy with an established collective labor agreement increase in salary has limits. To clarify, it may not support the possibility of additional compensation for talents. However, a compensation policy related to talent management aims to attract and retain the right talent. In addition, it may stimulate exit of other employees. Note that it is critical to apply with accuracy and fairness. Otherwise, risk of attrition rises.
Mobility creates dynamics within the organization. For example, vacant positions motivate employees to develop new talents needed for other roles. This movement strengthens the organization. This is especially important if the number and diversity of talent is not aligned to the business goals. Strive to build a balance of employees who are expanding skills and others who have more tenure and expertise.
Employees are the ambassadors and the heart of the organisation. As an organization you would like to attract and retain the best talent. In some situations, an very promising employee might reach the ceiling of what the employer can offer for a given role. This presents a challenge. The situation leads to conversations with the employee about options. This is part of strategic talent management. The reason is that an employee who leaves a role, opens a potential for others seeking internal transfers or for external candidates to get a foot in the door. Remember that those who leave with a positive impression will be ambassadors of the organization. For example if the employee leaves your organization at a young age to gain experience in another environment, the door is open for them to return to your organization in the future.
The choices made in the different processes depend on the translation of the organization strategy to the HR- and talent management strategy (also called vertical integration and discussed in previous blog). To execute the talent management strategy you use your HR processes. For optimal results you should align those HR processes, a horizontal integration as described above. Employees are able to use their talents and a logical outcome is increased productivity, effectiveness, and power of innovation for the organization. These are the achievements we would like to see from horizontal and vertical integration.